Hydrogen for industrial use will be exchanged via the pipeline, which is no longer being used to transport gas. Underground transport via the gas network ensures that hydrogen will be transported safely and efficiently.
The 12-kilometre-long hydrogen pipeline, which was the subject of agreements signed in March 2018 between Dow, Yara, ICL-IP and Gasunie Waterstof Services, has been brought into use. Last summer connections were made at Dow and Yara and the gas transport pipeline was modified at a few points making it suitable for transporting hydrogen. The pipeline was then filled with hydrogen. The pipeline is now being used commercially for transporting more than four kilotons of hydrogen per year. Transporting hydrogen to ICL-IP at a later stage is also part of the plan.
Anton van Beek, Area President Benelux, UK and Nordic: Promoting a circular economy by closing raw material chains is one of Dows priorities. With this particular project from the Smart Delta Resources platform we are proving that cross-sectoral collaboration from within the region will contribute towards a sustainable society.
This project is an excellent example of regional industry clustering/inter-company collaboration and it marks another noticeable step towards energy transition says Michael Schlaug, managing director/plant manager at Yara Sluiskil.
This hydrogen pipeline highlights an important point in our history. This is the first time that an existing gas transport pipeline has been modified for transporting a different gas to natural gas, adds Gasunie CEO Han Fennema. Gas infrastructure plays a connecting and facilitating role in the energy transition. We will be transporting different energy carriers, such as hydrogen and green gas, increasingly through our pipelines in the future. As independent network operator we can connect hydrogen from different suppliers for transportation to the major industrial clusters in the Netherlands. This network may have a capacity of 10 gigawatts or more by 2030.
Drop in energy consumption & CO2 savings
The hydrogen pipeline in Zeeland transports the flow of hydrogen gas released by Dow's crackers which is used as a raw material for high-quality Yara products. ICL-IP is also connected to the pipeline for future hydrogen offtake. Hydrogen transport via the pipeline will reduce energy consumption by 0.15 petajoules (PJ) per year in the first instance, equivalent to the annual gas consumption of approximately 3,000 households. It is also already yielding CO2 savings of 10,000 tons and upscaling is likely.
Green Deal Hydrogen for the region
The collaboration is part of the Industrial Cooperation for sustainable growth within the Smart Delta Resources platform, which is facilitated by the Zeeland development company Impuls, the port company North Sea Port and the provinces of Zeeland and East Flanders. For that reason, in 2016, the collaborating parties signed the Green Deal Hydrogen for the region; bringing this pipeline into operation marks the first success in this process.